PoshC2 is a proxy aware C2 framework that utilises Powershell and/or equivalent (System.Management.Automation.dll) to aid penetration testers with red teaming, post-exploitation and lateral movement. Powershell was chosen as the base implant language as it provides all of the functionality and rich features without needing to introduce multiple third party libraries to the framework.
In addition to the Powershell implant, PoshC2 also has a basic dropper written purely in Python that can be used for command and control over Unix based systems such as Mac OS or Ubuntu.
The server-side component is written in Python for cross-platform portability and speed, a Powershell server component still exists and can be installed using the 'Windows Install' as shown below but will not be maintained with future updates and releases.
Linux Install Python3
Automatic install for Python3 using curl & bash
Manual install Python3
curl -sSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/nettitude/PoshC2_Python/master/Install.sh | bash
chmod +x ./Install.sh
Linux Install Python2 - stable but unmaintained
Automatic install for Python2 using curl & bash
Manual install Python2
curl -sSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/nettitude/PoshC2_Python/python2/Install.sh | bash
chmod +x ./Install.sh
Install Git and Python (and ensure Python is in the PATH), then run:
powershell -exec bypass -c "IEX (New-Object System.Net.WebClient).DownloadString('https://raw.githubusercontent.com/nettitude/PoshC2_Python/master/Install.ps1')"
Using older versions
You can use an older version of PoshC2 by referencing the appropriate tag. You can list the tags for the repository by issuing:
or viewing them online.
git tag --list
Then you can use the install one-liner but replace the branch name with the tag:
curl -sSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/nettitude/PoshC2_Python/<tag name>/Install.sh | bash
curl -sSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/nettitude/PoshC2_Python/v4.8/Install.sh | bash
If you have a local clone of PoshC2 you can change the version that is in use by just checking out the version you want to use:
git reset --hard <tag name>
However note that this will overwrite any local changes to files, such as Config.py and you may have to re-run the install script for that version or re-setup the environment appropriately.
git reset --hard v4.8
- Edit the config file by running
posh-configto open it in $EDITOR. If this variable is not set then it defaults to vim, or you can use --nano to open it in nano.
- Run the server using
python3 -u C2Server.py | tee -a /var/log/poshc2_server.log
- Others can view the log using
tail -n 5000 -f /var/log/poshc2_server.log
- Interact with the implants using the handler, run by using
Installing as a service
Installing as a service provides multiple benefits such as being able to log to service logs, viewing with journalctl and automatically starting on reboot.
- Add the file in systemd (this is automatically done via the install script)
cp poshc2.service /lib/systemd/system/poshc2.service
- Start the service
- View the log:
- Or alternatively us journalctl (but note this can be rate limited)
Note that re-running
journalctl -n 20000 -u poshc2.service -f --output cat
posh-servicewill restart the posh-service. Running
posh-servicewill automatically start to display the log, but Ctrl-C will not stop the service only quit the log in this case
posh-logcan be used to re-view the log at any point.
posh-stop-servicecan be used to stop the service.
Issues / FAQs
If you are experiencing any issues during the installation or use of PoshC2 please check the known issues below and the open issues tracking page within GitHub. If this page doesn't have what you're looking for please open a new issue and we will try to resolve the issue asap.
If you are looking for tips and tricks on PoshC2 usage and optimisation, you are welcome to join the slack channel below.
This software should only be used for authorised testing activity and not for malicious use.
We maintain PoshC2 documentation over at https://poshc2.readthedocs.io/en/latest/
Find us on #Slack - poshc2.slack.com (to request an invite send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org)
Error encrypting value: object type
If you get this error after installing PoshC2 it is due to dependency clashes in the pip packages on the system.
Try creating a virtualenv in python and re-install the requirements so that the exact versions specified are in use for PoshC2. Make sure you deactivate when you've finished in this virtualenv.
Note anytime you run PoshC2 you have to reactivate the virtual environment and run it in that.
pip install virtualenv
pip install -r requirements.txt
The use of a virtual environment is abstracted if you use the
posh-scripts on *nix.